10 laws of growing indoor plants
Carefully read the 10 basic recommendations for the care of home flowers, you can well expect that the plants on your window sill will be healthy and blooming.
Rule number 1: Everything has its time
Each operation associated with the care of indoor plants, is performed on time, in a certain way and with different intervals depending on the time of year.
Water in the spring bowl, as the plant awakens, gives new shoots, activates the consumption of nutrients, all the processes of life. During the summer months, more water is watered on sunny, hot days, but they reduce the frequency of watering if the temperature drops or the floor level rises. In the autumn, the amount of water for irrigation is reduced, reaching a minimum at this time of year by winter. Fertilizers are used only during the period of intensive growth (from April to September). For most plants, transplanting in a new pot is carried out in the spring.New roots have not yet formed, but vital functions have resumed completely. Pests are especially active in the summer months, so in the summer more attention. But pruning carried out in early spring.
Rule number 2: Lighting
Illumination in apartments is usually insufficient for most indoor plants. The lightest zones are located near windows and glass doors. First of all, it is necessary to put flowering plants, ornamental species (in particular, those that come from desert, dry climatic zones), spotted and with succulent leaves.
It is strongly recommended to avoid direct sunlight on plants, although some species and varieties, such as bilbergia, begonia evergreen, cyclamen, amaryllis, lily and geranium, tolerate them without consequences. In the light shadow, such species as the ficus, philodendron, dieffenbachia, aralia, cissus, potos and sansevieria are well adapted.
On the shelf or in the center of the table with success you can put plants that can not stand the proximity of heat sources. Among them can be called royal begonia, calathea, arrowroot, tradescantia and various types of ferns.Indoor azaleas, anthurium and saintpaulias belong to indoor flowering plants, which successfully endure a low level of illumination. Among the plants most adapted for rooming, we call asparagus pinnate, aglaonema and aspidistra high.
Rule number 3: Temperature and humidity
These environmental characteristics are the most difficult to adjust in accordance with the requirements of plants.
In winter, in a heated apartment, it is necessary to maintain the temperature not lower than 18-20 ° С, and the humidity for most of them should be 30-50%. And if 18–20 ° C can be considered ideal for almost all indoor plants of tropical and subtropical origin, they would prefer even higher humidity. But this inconvenience is eliminable - with the help of easy spraying of foliage with water. Flowering potted plants, which better adapt to the level of humidity in the apartments, prefer a temperature more (by 2-3 ° C) lower than the average temperature in the rooms. Plants with succulent leaves should be kept at a temperature of about 10 ° C and low humidity. Even more important than adherence to temperature conditions is the avoidance of unexpected changes-temperature jumps.
Never place plants in drafts or near heat sources.From cold, some plants of tropical and subtropical origin, such as croton, dieffenbachia and dracaena, can, on the one hand, be seriously damaged if the temperature is below (even slightly) 10 ° C, and on the other hand - suffer if they are placed near with batteries. To maintain the desired level of humidity, you can create the most suitable microclimate for the most capricious species using large pots filled with stones or expanded clay.
Rule number 4: Watering
There are certain recommendations regarding the rate of irrigation, which is dictated primarily by the type of plant and its vegetative phases. For example, philodendron and all aroids in winter tend to slow down their growth, but they do not have a complete rest period. Therefore, watering them even in winter should be continued, slightly moistening the moss-wrapped rod used as a support. But mulberries, in particular Benjamin's ficus, stop growing in the winter, and watering is practically minimized. If plants with succulent leaves are cultivated in appropriate conditions, then they will calmly transfer the winter without any watering at all without problems.
A few recommendations on how to water indoor plants:
1. always water moderately;
2. water only after checking the soil moisture;
3. never pour cold water;
4. water and spray water on the foliage of only those species that are favored by such treatment.
Rule # 5: Pallet
Do not well fill the pan with water? No, it's not good.The tray serves to drain excess water after watering, so this water is poured.But some plants, especially in summer, feel better when watering - pouring water into trays. However, you should always avoid surplus and water stagnation in the pot so that the roots do not suffocate and rot.
In particular, cyclamens, bulbous and tuberous, as a rule, do not tolerate excessive watering, but prefer to keep constantly in a wet state, although the soil is never saturated with water. Therefore, the plants are immersed in water a few fingers thick, and then allowed to flow and put the plant in a dry place.
Rule number 6: dressing
Plants absorb nutrients from the soil through the roots. The individual elements that make up these nutrients, such as iron, nitrogen, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and sulfur, are vital for plants, and their lack causes serious, sometimes irreversible damage.As with watering, fertilization for houseplants cannot be limited to exact general rules. Houseplants grow relatively slowly, so the amount of fertilizer should be strictly standardized.
Recently, it has become increasingly popular to apply fertilizers with irrigation water, namely: they add crystalline or liquid fertilizer to irrigation water. Commercially available drugs are accompanied by detailed instructions and recommendations on the use of fertilizers in various phases of vegetative growth, including and flowering plants.
It is usually advised to adhere to the minimum indicated doses, applying the higher ones only in the case when the plant has symptoms of nutrient deficiency. There are also so-called fertilizers of prolonged action with a control dosage. They are available in capsules and, in contact with water present in the soil, slowly spread over 30, 90 or 150 days, depending on the substance.
Attention! Never fertilize in a dormant period, under newly acquired plants or just newly transplanted into a new pot, and especially under plants in overdried soil.
Rule number 7: Placing plants in the house
Carefully choose a permanent place for a new plant.
You can rearrange the pot as needed for carrying out operations to care for it. But then it must be returned to the same place. Plants are living beings that have the ability to adapt to the environment: they get used to lighting, temperature, humidity, and special qualities of the environment. Therefore, without the need for pots should not be mixed from place to place.
Here we are not talking about the removal of plants under the open sky and back into the room, depending on the time of year. The uncomfortable state of the plant can manifest itself in a light yellowing and even leaf fall, but the plant gradually gets used to the new conditions. If it is rearranged again, the adaptation process will slow down and this time the plant will suffer thoroughly. Therefore, the most important criteria for choosing a place in a house for a plant should be the requirements of the plant, and not the aesthetic result.
Rule # 8: Replacing a New Pot
This delicate and important operation is undertaken only and exclusively when it really cannot be dispensed with. It is widely believed that transplantation should be carried out each time symptoms of amelioration appear, such as yellowing of the foliage and slow growth.But they can be associated with a lack of nutrients or the appearance of pests or diseases.
To solve the problem, small plants can easily be removed from the pot along with the ground, turning it upside down and helping to tap the palm of the pot. Another situation with large plants that sit in large pots or jardiniere. In this case, it is better to make partial replacement of the soil, refusing to transfer to a new pot.
Tips and tips
1. Transplantation is performed only when it is necessary, namely - when the roots completely penetrate the entire soil
2. Choose the appropriate period, which is usually in March - early May
3. Choose a container, the dimensions of which should by no means significantly exceed the dimensions of the previous one, it is sufficient that the diameter be larger by 2 cm
4. Avoid damage to the roots, they are sometimes useful to carefully trim: remove only dried and dead tissue
5. The bottom of the pot was lined with drainage material
6. Place the plant in the center of the container, making sure that the root neck (where the stem ends and the roots begin) coincides with the soil surface
7Using a special soil for plants, fill, tamping, with it the space between the clod and the walls of the container so that there are no voids under the clod and around it
8. Do not fill the pot to the top, leave 1-2 cm from the edge, this will simplify watering
9. After completion of the operation, abundantly spill the soil, watching for its final shrinkage.
Rule number 9: Maintaining the appearance
The hygiene of a houseplant is primarily the removal of dried and dead branches or leaves - an important operation also because it is on these parts that diseases and pests usually develop.
At the same time adhere to some general rules
1. When you remove dried or damaged parts, be careful not to accidentally damage the healthy parts of the plant.
2. Perform pruning, making a neat cut with a tool with sharply sharpened cutting edges, remove the leaves cut off at the point of attachment of the scape to the stalk.
3. Another important operation performed during pruning is the cleaning of plants with broad, hairless foliage, such as dieffenbachia, philodendron and aralia. It is carried out by gently rubbing the surface of the leaves with a cotton swab moistened with water.Instead of water, you can use commercially available and intended for this purpose drugs.
4. But in this case, do not overdo it with their use, especially if these substances are released in spray cans, and spraying from a distance of at least 15-20 cm: in aerosols, cold gas is used, which can cause burns of foliage.
Rule number 10: Diseases and pests
Fighting the diseases and pests of houseplants is complicated and not always easy to achieve: either because it is difficult to determine exactly which pest has attacked the plant, or because not all the necessary drugs can be used because of their toxicity.
That is why it is so important to prevent possible diseases in advance by purchasing healthy plants in flower shops or well-established shopping centers.
Avoid as far as possible the stresses arising from the growing conditions — place the plants in the appropriate conditions for this type and do not place patient specimens near healthy ones. If the plant got into the house healthy, with proper care and location, it is unlikely that it will get sick.If the disease still appeared, it is better to seek advice from a flower shop or a specialized sales center.
And the last remark. Often, when plants in a house become stained, dry out and change the color of the foliage, this may be due to physiological problems caused by improper cultivation. The reason is usually in fungal diseases. In this case, the best way to get rid of them is to change the environmental conditions and the appropriate care.
Date: 09.10.2018, 10:03 / Views: 34491
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