How to choose the perfect kindergarten for your child?
The most important event in your life has finally come true - you have become parents. Your baby is growing up and making its first success. Your task is to take care of his future. Therefore, from the first months of your baby's life you need to think about where and with whom your child will be when your maternity leave is over?
If you are among the active moms, and you can’t imagine yourself without your favorite profession, then you need to think in advance about all the options: will your grandmother look after the baby, or will you have to send him to kindergarten?
Nowadays it is difficult to imagine a grandmother sitting at home, keen on knitting. Most often this is a woman who is still working and taking an active life position. Therefore, if the grandmother does not plan to retire in the next few years, then you should think about which kindergarten is best to determine your baby?
The sooner you make your choice, the more chances you have to give your child to that, then the preschool that you liked.Unfortunately, in our country there are not enough places in kindergartens, so everyone who wants to should be signed up in a queue for a year, or even 3 years in advance. Therefore, if you want your baby to fall into the hands of good teachers, then the choice of kindergarten should be addressed immediately after its birth.
For young parents, this is no easy task. Everyone wants his baby, being away from his father and mother, was also surrounded by attention, warmth and care, as at home. But, unfortunately, we sometimes hear from the media terrible stories about how educators beat children, feed them with poor-quality food, etc. Therefore, we have a question, how to choose a good kindergarten for your child?
Before turning to the discussion of the criteria by which to make your choice, let's see what are the pre-school institutions?
All kindergartens are divided into 4 types:
- municipal or state;
- home or family.
State kindergarten is very familiar to us from our childhood. The child in it will be engaged in the general education program, which includes physical education, drawing, modeling, music and, of course, walks. Unfortunately, government funding is very often lacking in such children's institutions.
This is reflected in the number of caregivers and nannies in groups, the number and variety of toys, as well as the monotonous diet. But it all depends on the manager. It happens that the state garden has a good reputation among parents.
If we talk about the advantages of municipal kindergartens, then they can be attributed to them: low cost and close distance.
As for the minuses, there are many more. The most important shortcoming of state kindergartens is a large number of children in groups, sometimes more than 30 people. All subsequent problems are connected with it. It happens that the money that the state allocates is not enough to maintain a sufficient number of kindergarten employees, and therefore it is quite common that there is only one employee for such a large group of children.
Of course, one teacher simply physically can not pay attention to each child, so about any individual approach is out of the question. If the baby did not understand something, then you will have to explain it.
In addition, because of the large number of children in groups, the quality of care for them is reduced. "You can not follow all of them."
Poor funding is reflected in the monotony of classes. The teacher simply does not have enough playbooks and materials to explain this or that topic to the children in a more interesting form.
Another drawback of state-owned gardens - monotonous food. The quality of food, of course, meets all standards, but the diet of children consists of the same dishes. If your baby refuses to eat something, then he is unlikely to be offered another dish, and he will remain hungry until the next meal.
The departmental kindergarten is under the control of a particular enterprise or organization. If you belong to the number of their employees, then you are lucky, because in this case you will be given a discount. For everyone else, the cost of a departmental kindergarten will be much more expensive than, for example, the state.
But if we compare these two institutions, then the departmental kindergarten has many more advantages. The most important of them is the smaller number of children in groups as compared to state kindergartens.
In addition, departmental kindergartens have created the best conditions for children. Enterprises whose agency includes this institution, are trying to provide the children of their employees with everything they need.Therefore, a good repair will be done in the room, and all the furniture will be of high quality, and there will be enough toys for everyone.
Equally important is the varied menu. Your baby will never remain hungry.
But, despite all the advantages, the departmental kindergarten has its drawbacks.
- Firstly, if you are not an employee of an enterprise that maintains a departmental kindergarten, it will be quite difficult to arrange your child there, since in these institutions they are reluctant to take people “from outside”.
- Secondly, the cost of this garden is quite high.
As for the private kindergarten, he has some advantages.
The main advantage of this institution is a small number of children in groups, no more than 12 people. The teacher has an excellent opportunity to pay due attention to each child, and therefore children adapt more easily to new conditions for them.
Also in private kindergartens rather large staff. In addition to caregivers and nannies, psychologists, speech therapists, pediatricians and subject teachers will follow the proper development of your baby. In addition, these institutions have a fairly extensive training program.This makes it possible from the earliest years to reveal all the abilities of the child, as well as reveal all his talents.
In private gardens, an individual approach is carried out in drawing up a menu for each child: his preferences are taken into account, and if a child is allergic, then such a product is excluded from his diet.
Also to the advantages of private kindergartens include the ability of parents to monitor the work of all staff through trustee advice. You will have the opportunity to influence the educational process and even attend classes, check the work of the kitchen, and if necessary, you can request a financial report to make sure that your money goes to the destination.
Speaking of money, the cost of a private kindergarten is very high. This is perhaps his only drawback.
Another type of preschool is family or home kindergartens. As a rule, they are organized on the basis of an ordinary apartment or room in which a bedroom, a game room and a kitchen are set up. The staff is only a few people: a teacher, a nanny and a cook. Also can separately invite teachers in music and drawing.
The advantages of such kindergartens include a small number of children in the group (3-5 people). In addition, the conditions in them are as close as possible to the home and the baby will be much more comfortable than, for example, in a public kindergarten.
The disadvantages of family kindergartens are the very high cost and in some cases the absence of a specially equipped place for walking on the street, and there may not be enough room for children.
Now let's talk about the selection criteria.
The first thing you should pay attention to is its location. The distance from your home to the kindergarten should be such that the time spent on overcoming it does not exceed 20-25 minutes walking or transport.
Even if you find a beautiful kindergarten, but you and your child will need to get to it more than the specified time, then it is better to refuse this choice. Otherwise, your baby will be tired from early morning due to a long walk or exhausted from an early ride in public transport during rush hour, and he will only have negative emotions in the kindergarten.
Second, what should I look for when choosing a garden is the mode of his work.As a rule, most kindergartens are open from 7:00 to 19:00, but there are those that close at 5:00 pm. Also, in some kindergartens, the time when children stay in them ends at 21:00, while others generally work around the clock.
If the distance to the kindergarten and the mode of its work suits you, then you need to proceed to a more detailed study of the child care center you like.
The third criterion that should be guided in choosing a garden is its external decoration. Look at the state of the kindergarten: whether there is a fence and a gate, which is locked with a key, whether there is a playground and equipped places for games, what the condition is, swings, pavilions and sandboxes.
The whole territory should be clean and decorated. Best of all, you can figure it out if you visit the garden from 10:00 to 11:00. At this time, children are usually taken out for a walk, and you will have the opportunity to see if the swings are in order and what the children do, whether the games are organized for them or they are hanging around. It is also necessary to find out whether there is a guard or a person on duty who ensures that there are no unauthorized people in the territory of the kindergarten.
After that, you need to talk with the head. She should find out:
- Kindergarten has a state license for educational activities;
- familiarize yourself with the Charter and the contract, which must clearly state the obligations of each of the parties and the cost of services so that there are no additional “exactions”;
- by what method does the kindergarten work;
- the number of educators and nannies in one group (for every 7-10 people, there should be one educator, that is, 2 educators and a nanny should work in a group of 20 children);
- what kind of education is provided by educators, doctors and pedagogues, as well as their qualifications;
- availability of sanitary books for all garden personnel, up to cleaners;
- on what schedule the doctor and nurse are working;
- whether there is a speech therapist and a psychologist in the permanent staff of the kindergarten;
- read the menu.
Ask the manager to give you a tour of the kindergarten, show the kitchen, dining room, games room, recreation room and physical education. Pay attention to how spacious these rooms are, what the condition of the furniture is, how many toys are in groups, and whether children play with them.At the same time you will have a great opportunity to evaluate the work of educators.
How they communicate with children, whether they raise their voices, whether their children understand, whether they additionally explain the material, if the child does not understand something. You will be able to assess the psychological situation in the group, whether the children of the caregiver are afraid or willingly go to contact with her.
The most important condition that you should follow when choosing a kindergarten is good educators. After all, with these people your baby will spend most of the time. Take an interest in their education.
It is best if it is pedagogical in the field of early childhood development. Pay attention to how educators behave with children in the room and on the street, whether they organize games for them, whether they respond favorably to requests and whims, and how they punish if they disobey. Talk to them personally, what impression will they make on you? Ask around parents whose children already go to a group with this tutor. You will learn a lot of interesting things!
Another criterion is the direction of kindergarten. It can be as follows:
- General developing. In such kindergartens, physical,artistic and aesthetic and intellectual development of children.
- Supervision and rehabilitation. These kindergartens are focused on children with poor health. They carry out various preventive and wellness procedures.
- Compensating. These kindergartens are designed for children with pathologies.
- Child development centers. They emphasize the all-round development of children's abilities. Therefore, in such kindergartens there is necessarily a computer class, a swimming pool, a children's theater and a sports and fitness center.
- Combined kindergartens. They have groups with different directions presented above.
Also, when choosing a kindergarten, be sure to pay attention to the number of children in groups. The smaller they are, the better. Then your baby just will not remain deprived of attention. The main thing is for every 7-10 children in the group to have one educator.
In addition, in the kindergarten must be created all the conditions for the normal development of both a boy and a girl.
But, despite all the above criteria, the final choice of parents is most affected by the price of kindergartens. The cost of these services for 1 month may be as follows:
- state garden - 150 rubles;
- departmental - from 1000 rubles;
- private and family - from 200 cu up to a few thousand.
Also, you should know that there are certain categories of families who can be granted a privilege in kindergartens in the amount of 30 to 65% of the total cost, and in some cases parents can generally be exempted from paying a kindergarten. You can learn more about all this on the Internet or other sources.
Whatever it was, but still, when choosing a kindergarten, the last word must remain with the child. Look at the kindergarten through the eyes of the baby, like it there or not? After all, he will spend a lot of time there. If you are satisfied with all the answers to your questions, you can safely write down your crumbs at the kindergarten you like, and let your baby grow healthy and fully developed!
Date: 09.10.2018, 10:10 / Views: 42355
20 cardboard box toys for children
Concert on February 23 - script for the kindergarten, school and the House of Culture. What holiday concerts will prepare Channel One and Russia by February 23, 2017 1
Gifts for all occasions (review)
How to record your game
Postcard embroidered with ribbons