How to plaster walls?

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How to plaster walls?

Someday each of us begins to think about repairs. It can be said with confidence that the majority of the population of our country, the main share of all repairs, is performed independently, while not having certain skills and knowledge. But if you have started a major overhaul, then you need to know how to plaster the walls. Even if you want to use the services of specialists, some useful information on this topic will not hurt.

First you need to prepare the necessary tools and materials. Beginners should choose small tools:

  • it is a plastering blade, which serves as a dosing unit, pours materials with it, interferes with the solution, throws in and equals the solution on the wall,
  • also grater, which overwrite the finished plaster,
  • level,
  • square,
  • plummet
  • regulations,
  • lighthouses,
  • mixer (not kitchen).

As for the rules, these are aluminum slats of various lengths and various sections. Apply them to leveling the applied solution on the beacons, slopes, eaves.Lighthouses are racks on which they make the level of plaster.

From building materials you will need:

  • plaster mix based on cement and sand or plaster,
  • primer,
  • deep penetration primer
  • the grid is plaster.

How to plaster walls

Before starting plastering walls, they are cleaned. In brick - they sew up seams up to 1 cm in depth, on wooden ones (only without shingles) and cinder-concrete they cause frequent notches or cover them with a grid (rabbi, armassette) with cells not exceeding 5 cm. With the door and window lintels old plaster must be knocked down necessarily. If you have a prefabricated house, then surely bearing concrete walls, you need to knock down the old plaster completely, even in places where wall panels are adjacent directly to the outer wall. Practice shows that in these places emptiness, and plaster applied only on top. It is better to clean and propenit them. After you need to wall primed.

Soil and plaster net are applied on concrete surfaces.

The next step will be placing beacons on a plumb line, they are mounted on a dowel or screw (depending on the wall); you need to start from the corners.Between the beacons, the thread is stretched and, taking into account its level, beacons on the walls are set, the optimal distance between the beacons is 1.5 meters. The main thing that the lights were evenly distributed on the wall. According to the exposed lighthouses, the �skis� are guided strips of plaster mix.

The layer of plaster should be no more than 3 cm - this is the maximum, if more is required, then the plaster is applied in several stages and only after the previous layer is completely dry.

Cement mortar is applied to the wall, or rather pounced with a spatula or a ladle. The recruited solution is dramatically shed to the surface and smeared, leaving a rough surface, so the solution should not be too thick. Smear the solution, holding the grater with both hands, pressing one side of the fixture to the wall, and raising the other. Movement should be smooth from the bottom up. The excess plaster mix is cut off, the flaws are hammered and the layer is aligned with the rule.

The plastered wall is rubbed with a float, which is pressed against the surface and the circular movements of the clock are performed by it. At the same time removing the mounds and directing the excess to the depressions.

How to plaster the walls with a rotband

Rotband is a dry mix based on gypsum, designed specifically for interior decorating, including for baths and kitchens. This mixture is especially good for beginners, as it is applied easier and dries faster. But, plastering walls with such a composition will cost much more. For plastering the walls with a rotband you will need the same tools and tools as for plastering cement mortar.

After cleaning the surface from contamination, we treat the walls with a primer, dilute the dry mixture of rotband in water using a mixer until a homogeneous composition is obtained. Apply the mixture with a trowel from bottom to top, with the help of the rules is leveled After pouring, remove the mixture with a wide spatula.

It is worth remembering that the layer of the rotband should not exceed 2 cm and should not be less than 0.5 cm.

Only after drying (complete drying) of the mixture the surface is rubbed with a sponge grated in water and smoothed with a spatula. If you are a beginner, then for clarity of the whole picture of the upcoming process on the topic - how to plaster walls, the video will give a clearer idea.


Date: 09.10.2018, 08:54 / Views: 63263

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