What is dangerous smoking during pregnancy

Congenital abnormalities


Smoking a future mother is fraught with congenital abnormalities of the fetus. Most of them occur in the 1st trimester of pregnancy. At this time, the laying and development of organs and systems of the future baby begins. As a result, nicotine, hydrocyanic acid, carbon monoxide, harmful gums and some carcinogens that cause cancer, instantly penetrate to the fetus through the placenta. It is important to know that the doses of substances entering the body of an unborn baby are much higher than in the blood of a woman. The placenta is the link through which the mother and the fetus are connected. However, in a pregnant woman who smokes, she does not develop completely correctly. As a result, the transport of amino acids is disturbed, and the fetus is in a state of oxygen deficiency. You should know that the child gets nicotine through the blood, the placenta and amniotic fluid.As a result, he receives a double dose of this substance. It accumulates in large quantities in the trachea, tonsils, brain tissue and kidneys. Nicotine, of course, is derived, but very slowly.

Problems after birth


Due to the smoking of the mother, the oxygen deficiency occurs in the fetus, which leads to a delay in intrauterine development. Also, most children are born with low body mass, they are sick more often than others, development compared with peers is slower, in addition, they are prone to infant death. Often, smoking during pregnancy leads to abnormalities in psychophysical development. As a rule, such children have a low IQ, they are nervous, inconsiderate and irritable. It is important to remember that nicotine acts poorly on the child's mental performance. So, children of smoking mothers suffer from useless hyperactivity and impulsivity, and their mental development is usually below average. The reason lies in the insufficient supply of oxygen to the brain of the fetus.

Risks


Smoking women, as a rule, do not realize what their addiction can turn out to be for them.So, because of it, the risks of an unfavorable completion of pregnancy increase. The probability of placenta previa, premature detachment of the placenta, bleeding is high. Also due to smoking during pregnancy, the risk of miscarriage increases.

Date: 09.10.2018, 09:09 / Views: 85334

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