Zephyranthes: reproduction and care
Zefirantes- a plant originating from Central and South America, has an average height, loves light, is not afraid of direct sunlight and blooms annually. The optimum temperature during active growth is 18-250 ° C, and during rest time the low temperature is more favorable - 10-120 ° C. During growth requires regular watering, which is reduced in the dormant period. Watering Zefirantes should be careful to avoid rotting bulbs. There are no special requirements for air humidity.
Many lovers grow a plantzephyrantheswithout even knowing exactly what it is. And although it is sometimes on sale under the name "water lily", it does not apply to lilies. This is the representative of the family. Amaryllisovy, a relative of our hippeastrum. It has small, elongated at the top of the bulb. Of the 70 species that are common in the warm regions of the western hemisphere, you can occasionally find large-flowered zephyranthes in the culture, but more often these are hybrids that are sold under the names pink (Z.rosea), habraitus pink or habraptus powerful. How to distinguish marshmallows from habrantus, told.
Growing in moderately heated ventilated areaszephyranthespresents no difficulty. They produce many daughter bulbs. Pink flowers appear only on sufficiently lit places. Only elongated linear leaves are formed in shading, they are not very decorative. It is already leaves at the h. white (Z. Candida), a strong species with beautiful blooms, in English gardens it grows in open ground.
Temperature:room temperature; in winter, about 10 ° C is sufficient.
Substrate:ordinary ready-made substrates, to which add a little sand. No. 6 can be used with 1/5 sand or ceramis; pH about 6.
Humidity:during growth keep constant humidity, but avoid stagnant water. In winter, they water only occasionally, but sometimes they use a different method - they contain bulbs very dry, with a full rest period. Then the danger of rotting of the bulbs in winter is eliminated. From February, begin watering, very carefully at first. 3. White is occasionally watered even in winter, so that the leaves remain on the plants.
Fertilizer:From spring to autumn after 1 - 2 weeks, water the fertilizer.
Transfer:annually at the end of the dormant period. The bulbs are planted in the ground so that only their tops can be seen from it.
Reproduction:during transplantation, numerous daughter bulbs are separated.
Care marshmallows and the more reproduction is not difficult and very similar to the cultivation of hippeastrum.
Zefirantesloves the bright sun and in the summer it is better to plant it in open ground. By the end of the season a large bulb is formed, which will blossom abundantly next year. Not without reason in the subtropical parks zephyranthes are planted as a ground cover plant instead of a lawn. Low dense foliage, high speed of reproduction allows him to quickly grab and keep the space well.
Bulbs "upstart" small, oblong, from 1 to 3 cm in length, grow in close nests. They should be planted several times in wide and low pots or deep pots, and buried in the ground to the very top. In long bulbs, the neck is left on the surface. Prefers a fertile, loose substrate from equal amounts of humus, turf and sand.You can add phosphorus fertilizers. Care should be taken to ensure good drainage, since zephyranthes do not like flooding.
In summerzephirantesit is necessary to water abundantly, it is better to water from a pallet, in this case there is no compaction and washing of the soil in the upper part of the pot, where shoots are expected. In winter, the plant "zephyranthes" can not drop the leaves, but watering should be reduced and put the pot in a bright cool place. It is desirable to lower the temperature to 8 - 14 degrees. When growing marshmallows you need to pay attention to the soil moisture and prevent it from drying out, as well as waterlogging.
Fertilizers are best given only mineral and regularly fed during the season of active growth. After the appearance and opening of the first bud, fertilizing should be stopped and renewed only after the last flower wilts. Some sources on the contrary believe that during the flowering period it is necessary to feed (perhaps they are right).
With vegetative reproduction inzephyranthesthere are usually no problems. He gives abundantly onion-kids, which quickly fill the entire pot. Plant Zefirantes is propagated during transplants, before the dormant period or during it.It is necessary to separate the children and put them in a well-fertilized substrate, provide with light and the next season the young bulbs will bloom.
Breedingzephyranthesseeds is possible, but rarely resorted to. Sowing seeds should be carried out as soon as possible after they ripen, as they quickly lose their germination. After a long storage of seeds, the result of sowing may not be very good. In order to obtain seeds, artificial pollination is necessary, and they ripen within 2 months after it.
When sowing seeds, the soil substrate is needed the same as when planting bulbs. You can add some more peat. The soil is moistened and smoothed. Seeds are sown with an interval of 2-3 cm. The plate is covered with a film, put in a shaded place and kept at a temperature of at least 22 ° C. Care must be taken to keep the soil moist all the time. Shoots appear at 3-4 weeks. Seedlings will bloom only in the third year after sowing.
Date: 09.10.2018, 09:52 / Views: 52395
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